A total hysterectomy is a surgical procedure that removes the uterus and cervix (neck of the womb). It is usually performed to treat conditions such as cancer of the uterus, cervix or ovaries, endometriosis, uterine fibroids, heavy or painful periods, prolapse of the uterus or cervix, chronic pelvic pain or adenomyosis.
The surgery can be done through an incision in the abdomen (abdominal hysterectomy), through the vagina (vaginal hysterectomy), or using laparoscopic surgery (keyhole surgery). The type of surgery depends on the reason for surgery and how much of your womb and reproductive system can safely be left in place.
The procedure is usually performed under general anesthesia and takes about 1-2 hours. After surgery, you can’t become pregnant and no longer menstruate. Recovery usually takes four to six weeks, depending on the type of surgery you have.
Total laparoscopic hysterectomy with the ultrasonic scalpel is feasible and safe. It offers not only cosmetic benefits but also reduces the need for analgesia and the time to return to normal gastrointestinal function in comparison with conventional abdominal hysterectomy.
The ultrasonic scalpel is a surgical instrument that uses high-frequency sound waves to cut and coagulate tissue during surgery. It has several advantages over traditional surgical instruments such as less blood loss, less pain, less scarring, shorter hospital stay, faster recovery time and fewer complications.